Peru and Bolivia They are two Andean countries that have suffered many tensions in the last year. This, after the departure of former president Pedro Castillo, after he attempted a coup d’état, and he was replaced by the current president In Boluarte. Thus, the Bolivian government was “concerned” about Peru. “We have the Peruvian people in a fight to recover their democracy and also to recover the right to elect a government that represents them,” the president had noted. from BoliviaLuis Arce, then.
These words motivated the Foreign Ministry of Peru accuse the Bolivian administration of “getting involved” in the matter. “This persists in unacceptable interference in matters that only concern Peruvians,” the entity noted at the time. Relations worsened further when President Boluarte accused the Bolivian group of the Red Ponchos of supporting the protests against her government, accusing them of introducing weapons into the country, and even more so when Evo Moralesformer president of Bolivia, was criticizing the Peruvian president, to the point that he They prohibited entry to Peru.
Now, along with these tensions, there will be a match between both Andean countries. But, while in the political field these very similar nations seem separate, in the commercial field they do not become ugly. What’s more, one of these countries has a large role in the import of hydrocarbons towards the other.
Peru is the country that has exported US$ 824,521,313 to Bolivia so far in 2023according to information from Infotrade, provided by the Lima Chamber of Commerce to Infobae Peru.
However, the surprising fact is that this has been achieved with hydrocarbons and diapers. Among the main products exported in 2023 to Bolivia are the following:
- Diesel 2 (with a sulfur content greater than 50 ppm), for US$ 103,316,377 and in a quantity of 84,005,952 kilograms
- Bars of iron or steel, not alloyed, with notches, cords or reliefs, for US$ 91,132,099 and in a quantity of 114,470,362 kilograms
- Light oils and preparationsfor motor vehicle engines (with a research octane number greater than or equal to 84, but less than 90, except with 7.8% by volume of fuel alcohol), for US$ 53,791,592 and in a quantity of 36,615,506 kilograms
- Preparations packaged for retail sale, for US$ 28,308,968 and a quantity of 28,253,580 kilograms.
- Other plates, sheets, sheets and strips of ethylene polymers, for US$ 18,569,300, and in a quantity of 4,888,456 kilograms.
- Baby diapers, for US$ 17,092,586 and in a quantity of 4,653,615 kilograms exported.
- Acrylic or modacrylic fibers, carded, combed or transformed for spinning, for US$ 14,110,668 and in a quantity of 4,062,371 kilograms.
- Ammonium dihydrogenorthophosphate (monoammonium phosphate), even mixed with diammonium hydrogenorthophosphate (diammonium phosphate), for US$ 12,495,069, and in a quantity of 9,563,000 kilograms.
- Other welded tubes of square or rectangular section, for US$ 12,208,483, and in a quantity of 10,512,240 kilograms.
- Condiments and seasonings, compounds, for US$ 10,212,229 and in a quantity of 2,856,993 kilograms.
A report from the Bolivian Institute of Foreign Trade (IBCE) reported that “in 2023 Bolivia begins exports of electrical energy and enters the podium of exporting countries in the region.”
At the time of Evo Morales in Bolivia (2006-2019) income from gas exports contributed to sustained growth and played a great role in poverty reduction, but in 2023 Bolivia has now begun to import more than it produces, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics of Bolivia.
Peru has been able to take advantage of this change. In 2022, the country exported US$177.57 million in oil and natural gas to the neighboring nation.
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